Meadowlands and forest edges were filled with many edible wild plants, such as lilies and onions.
The bulbs of these plants are very nutritious, but their energy is locked up in a dense, indigestible carbohydrate called inulin.
Alaskan archaeologists have found the earliest known evidence that Paleoindians cooked and ate chum salmon ( at least 11,500 years ago.
The fish remains were found in an ancient cooking hearth in a residential structure at the Upward Sun River site near the Tanana River located east of Fairbanks.
Analysis of food materials recovered from the stone included acorns and relatives of millet and wild Avena (oat) species.