Power distance deals with the members of a culture and their relationship to power.
China never gave much credence to this justification for the invasion, not least because Japanese forces made only one aggressive move against the USSR, at Nomonhan in Mongolia, in 1938. Rather than attack the communist Soviet Union, Japan attacked the anti-Communist Guomindang (GMD) which ruled China.
By the end of the war the pretext of attacking communism was not only threadbare but contradictory; by 1945 the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), far stronger than it had ever been, was poised for success in the subsequent Civil War.
Religion, traditions, and typologies also influence a persons worldview.
The Japanese are ranked in the middle on the power distance continuum.
A culture's worldview is an essential tool in understanding that culture.